Ayacucho, Peru. Ayacucho is a city located in the central highlands of Peru, known for its colonial architecture, traditional crafts, and vibrant festivals. Explore the historic city center, featuring well-preserved Spanish colonial buildings and churches. Visit the Santuario Nacional de la Pampa de Ayacucho, a monument commemorating the Battle of Ayacucho, which marked the end of Spanish rule in Peru. Discover the traditional art of retablos, miniature wooden sculptures depicting religious scenes. Experience the Semana Santa (Holy Week) celebrations, known for their elaborate processions and folkloric performances. Ayacucho is a city deeply rooted in Peruvian culture and history.