The Months of the Year in Spanish

Hola a todos! By the end of this short article, you will be able to read, pronounce and understand the months of the year in Spanish. It is important to learn these twelve words at an early stage of your Spanish learning journey.

Obviously, knowing the months of the year in Spanish will definitely be useful later. So, it’s time to learn seven little, easy words that you’ll use over and over when speaking Spanish throughout your life.

The Months of the Year: Los meses del año

Firstly, let’s remember that ‘The Months of the Year’ in Spanish is translated as follows: Los meses del año.

Secondly, remember that the months of the year in Spanish, just like the days of the week, are not capitalised.

Thirdly, remember that the months of the year in Spanish are always masculine, not feminine

If you are unsure about the rules of masculine and feminine in Spanish then you can find more information in our Spanish for Beginners Course.

So, let’s go through the months of the year in Spanish. 

January – enero

“January” in Spanish is ‘enero

So, January in Spanish is enero, which can be traced back to the Julian calendar: Enero – From Latin, januarius, honors Janus, the two-faced God that looked upon the past and the future.

January is enero!

It is useful to remember that, in Spanish, enero is the first month of the year. 

Of course, this is also the case in English and all Spanish-speaking countries (unlike China, for example, where the calendar differs).

February – febrero

“February” in Spanish is ‘febrero’

The majority of months of the year, in most languages, come from the names of gods of mythology.

Here’s the important part: “February” in Spanish is febrero. Unlike enero, which comes from the Roman Roman god of beginnings and endings, February comes from the word februum (purification) and februa, the rites or instruments used for purification. Not interested? Not to worry, just remember the following:

February is febrero!

March – marzo

“March” in Spanish is ‘marzo’

As mentioned, some months of the year in Spanish, and other languages, derive from Roman gods. In Spanish, “March” is marzo. What’s the easiest way to remember this? Well, marzo derives from Martius, the first month of the earliest Roman calendar. This month was named after Mars, the Roman god of war.

So, remember, marzo – Mars. Can you see the resemblance? Repeat this aloud:

March is marzo!

April – abril

“April” in Spanish is ‘abril

You get the gist by now – many months of the year in Spanish derive from Roman gods. Believe it or not, “April” is no different. The word comes from the Latin “aprilis” which is derived from “aperire” meaning “to open.” So, remember the opening of the Spring season.

So, remember:

April is abril!

If you are reading this, it is likely that you are wondering about pronunciation of many of these months of the year in Spanish. Particularly, febrero, marzo and abril.

In Spanish, the r is soft, almost between an ‘r’ and ‘l’ in English. The ‘z’ in ‘marzo’ can be pronounced either as an ‘s’ or a ‘th’ depending on your preference.

May – mayo

“May” in Spanish is ‘mayo’

Believe it or not, the month of May derives from Greek mythology, not Roman. Indeed, May (in Latin, Maius) was named for the Greek Goddess Maia.

So, remember this:

May is mayo!

Be careful not to pronounce ‘mayo’ in the same way that you would pronounce the shortening of the word Mayonnaise. For correct pronunciation, see below:

My-yo

June – junio

“June” in Spanish is ‘junio’

In Spanish, “June” is junio. Can you think what this is named after, or how you might remember it? Well, juniois named after the Roman goddess Juno, the goddess of marriage and the wife of the supreme deity Jupiter

So, remember this:

June is junio!

In terms of pronunciation, remember that ‘j’ in Spanish is pronounced like an English ‘h.’ The correct pronunciation is, therefore, as follows:

hoo-neo

July – julio

July was named in honour of Julius Caesar. Indeed, this former Roman general added the months of July and August.

So, remember:

July is julio!

Again, remember that ‘j’ in Spanish is pronounced like an English ‘h.’ The correct pronunciation is, therefore, as follows:

hoo-leo

Months of the Year in Spanish so far: A Recap

January –  enero
February – febrero
March – marzo
April – abril
May – mayo
June – junio 
July – julio

August – agosto

“August” in Spanish is ‘agosto’

Like some of the months of the year in Spanish we have covered already, the etymology comes from the Roman era. Derived from the Latin word augere, meaning “to increase,” Augustus had the meaning “esteemed” or “venerable” and was a title given to Roman emperors.

So, remember:

August is agosto!

September – septiembre

“September” in Spanish is ‘septiembre’

September was originally the seventh of ten months in the oldest known Roman calendar, the calendar of Romulus. Think of the number ‘seven’ for example and you will see the resemblance.

So, remember:

September is septiembre!

The pronunciation is as follows:

sep-tee-em-bray

October – octubre

“October” in Spanish is ‘octubre’

October was originally the eighth of ten months in the oldest known Roman calendar, the calendar of Romulus. Think of the number ‘eight’ in Spanish ‘ocho’ and you will see the resemblance.

So, remember:

October is octubre!

The pronunciation is as follows:

oc-too-bray

November – noviembre

“November” in Spanish is ‘noviembre’

November was originally the ninth of ten months in the oldest known Roman calendar, the calendar of Romulus. Think of the number ‘nine’ in Spanish ‘nueve’ and you will see the resemblance.

So, remember:

November is noviembre!

The pronunciation is as follows:

no-bee-em-bray

December – diciembre

“December” in Spanish is ‘diciembre’

December was originally the tenth of ten months in the oldest known Roman calendar, the calendar of Romulus. Think of the number ‘ten’ in Spanish ‘diez’ and you will see the resemblance.

So, remember:

December is diciembre!

The pronunciation is as follows:

dee-see-em-bray

All 12 Months of the Year in Spanish: A Recap

January –  enero
February – febrero
March – marzo
April – abril
May – mayo
June – junio 
July –  julio
August – agosto
September – diciembre
October – octubre
November – noviembre
December – diciembre

Some Rules to Remember

You may remember that at the start of this article, we mentioned that months of the year in Spanish are all masculine in gender. Furthermore, remember that they are not capitalised. So, unless you are starting a sentence, each month of the year will start in lower case.

If you are unsure about written Spanish and certain elements of Spanish grammar then you can find further information in our Spanish for Beginners course.

Some Final Important Words to Remember

Once you have learned the months of the year in Spanish, we recommend learning some other important vocabulary related to times and months. See below:

‘Month’ Related Vocabulary

The Month – el mes
The Months – los meses
The Week – la semana
The Weeks – las semanas
The Weekend – el fin de semana
Today – hoy 
Tonight – esta noche 
Last night – anoche 
Yesterday – ayer 
Tomorrow – mañana
My birthday – mi cumpleaños
Next – próximo 
Last – próxima
Next month – el mes que viene
Last month – el mes pasado
The day before yesterday – anteayer 
The day after tomorrow – mañana pasado 
The following day – el día siguiente 
The day before – la víspera 

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