Asking Somebody How They Are in Spanish

Hola a todos! By the end of this short article, you will be able to to say ‘how are you?’ in Spanish. In doing so, you will be able to ask Spanish speakers from all over the world this question.

Let’s have a look at the variety of ways to ask somebody how they are in Spanish.聽

1. 驴C贸mo est谩s?

2. 驴C贸mo est谩?

3. 驴Qu茅 tal?

4. 驴C贸mo vas?

5. 驴C贸mo va?


6. 驴C贸mo andas?

驴C贸mo est谩s?

The most common way to say ‘how are you‘ in Spanish is ‘驴c贸mo est谩s?

C贸mo est谩s?‘ is used in almost every Spanish speaking country. So, you can be sure that this question is suitable wherever you travel, and to whoever you ask.

You do not need to worry about the masculine or feminine aspects of Spanish grammar here. Whether you are male, or female, the phrase will remain the same.

If you are unsure about the rules of masculine and feminine in Spanish then you can find more information in our Spanish for Beginners Course or book a Spanish tutor.

So, let鈥檚 go through the other ways to ask somebody how they are in Spanish.聽

驴C贸mo est谩?

Another of the most common ways to ask somebody how they are聽in Spanish is ‘驴c贸mo est谩?

Again, ‘c贸mo est谩?‘ is used regularly in every Spanish-speaking country. The difference here is register. If you are addressing somebody of authority, such as a teacher or a boss, then you would say ‘c贸mo est谩? All you are doing is dropping the ‘s’ at the end. This is the formal version, whereas the former option is more informal.

In Spanish, the formal and informal form of the verb is different. In English, we would likely say the same thing to a friend and to our friend’s grandmother. In Spanish, this is not the case.

You can find further information on formal and informal rules in our Spanish for Beginners Course.

驴Qu茅 tal?

鈥溌縌u茅 tal?鈥 is a more friendly and informal way to say how are you in Spanish.聽

The translation is the same, but it is used more commonly between friends and close acquaintances, even colleagues. In Spain, qu茅 tal is used far more frequently than in Latin America.

In some countries, it can even mean something entirely different. In parts of Mexico, for example, qu茅 tal?聽is translated more literally as what’s wrong?

驴C贸mo vas?

鈥溌緾贸mo vas?鈥 in Spanish is translated literally as ‘How are you going?’聽

Again, this is an informal way to ask somebody how they are in Spanish. That said, it is very common, particularly in South America, where qu茅 tal is used far less frequently.

驴C贸mo va?

鈥溌緾贸mo va?鈥 means ‘How is it going?

Similarly to the C贸mo vas,聽this Spanish expression is another relatively informal way to ask somebody how they are in Spanish. Rather than saying ‘how are you?’ the translation is more ‘how’s it going?

Whilst this still makes perfect sense and is used frequently, it is less common than the other translations preceding it.

驴C贸mo andas?

鈥溌緾贸mo andas?鈥 translates literally to ‘how are you walking?’

As you progress your level of fluency in Spanish, you will come to realise more and more that expressions and questions vary greatly depending on country and region.

This way to say ask somebody how they are in Spanish is particularly common in Argentina and Uruguay. People would certainly understand the question in other Spanish speaking countries, but it is definitely a lesson common way to ask somebody how they are.

Be sure to use c贸mo andas when asking somebody how they are in Spanish when you visit Argentina or Uruguay.

How to Say How Are You in Spanish - A Recap

(commonly used) – 驴C贸mo est谩s?

(formal) – 驴C贸mo est谩?

(informal) – 驴Qu茅 tal?

(informal) – 驴C贸mo vas?

(informal) – 驴C贸mo va?

(Colloquial) – 驴C贸mo andas?

Some Rules to Remember

You will have seen from this short text that there are various ways to say how are you in Spanish. Remember, the way you address somebody in Spanish depends on your relationship with them. If you want to play it safe and use the same expression with everybody then it’s best to use 驴c贸mo est谩?

Another Rule to Remember

Whilst you are learning these expressions, take a moment to use the verbs Estar and Ir, from which they derive.

You can find out more about these verbs and how to use them in our online Spanish course – Spanish for Beginners.聽